Select Committee on Science and Technology Written Evidence

Memorandum 104

Supplementary evidence from the Department for Transport


    —  No decision has been taken on a national road pricing scheme. If and when this occurs, further primary legislation would be required.

    —  The draft Road Transport Bill will update the existing powers that allow the development of local road pricing schemes that will tackle congestion and help to inform future decisions on national road pricing.

    —  The Department's Transport Innovation Fund (TIF) directs resources towards the achievement of two very high priority key objectives—specifically tackling congestion and improving productivity.

    —  We are also keen to work with the market to address the technical challenges needed for road pricing to work. The Department has allocated £10 million for time, distance and place charging demonstration projects.

    —  We have invited expressions of interest from the market and have received a good response. We will be issuing a procurement notice shortly which will allow us to work with a group of commercial suppliers to research road pricing systems and technology.

Pilot Schemes:

    —  From 2008, £200 million of congestion TIF money will be made available to support schemes which tackle congestion.

    —  In advance of this, £14.5 million has been allocated by the Department for "pump priming" funds to explore the potential for schemes.

    —  The logic of local schemes is to ensure, not only that the technologies work on the ground, but also that we gain experience in varying communities.

Round 1: pump priming

  In November 2005 £7 million was allocated to seven areas:

    —  Greater Bristol (former Avon unitary authorities);

    —  Cambridgeshire;

    —  Durham;

    —  Greater Manchester;

    —  Shropshire (for Shrewsbury);

    —  Tyne & Wear; and

    —  West Midlands conurbation.

Round 2: pump priming

  A further £7.5 million was awarded last November to six of these areas (Bristol did not bid) and three new areas:

    —  Nottingham, Leicester and Derby and the surrounding counties;

    —  Norfolk (for Norwich); and

    —  Reading.


  One of the purposes of the EC-US Agreement, which can be terminated with one year's notice, is to prevent overlap of the Galileo signals with the US military signals. The consequence of overlap would be that jamming of one signal would have the effect of jamming the other. There is no express reference to a requirement to jam a signal in the event of hostilities. Article 11(2) does, however, allow the signatories to carry out local jamming of any satellite navigation system in an area of hostilities.

  The agreement assumes that the Galileo signal and the receivers to be used have a civilian purpose only.  Military signals are, save to the extent provided for specifically in 11(2) and the Annex, outside the scope of the agreement.

March 2007

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