12.15 Sections 165-7 of the Copyright, Designs
and Patents Act 1988 created a new form of copyright, known as
"parliamentary copyright". Such copyright exists in:
- select committee reports;
- any other work made by or under the direction
or control of either House of Parliament.
12.16 Parliamentary copyright in a public bill
belongs in the first instance to the House into which the bill
was introduced, and once the bill has reached the second House,
to both Houses jointly. It subsists from the time the bill is
handed in to the House in which it is introduced, and ceases on
Royal Assent, or the withdrawal or rejection of the bill, or the
end of the session.
12.17 Parliamentary copyright in a private bill
belongs to both Houses jointly from the time the bill is first
deposited in either House. Parliamentary copyright in a personal
bill belongs first to the House of Lords (since it is the practice
to introduce such bills into that House first), and when the bill
reaches the House of Commons to both Houses jointly. Acts and
Measures once enacted are subject to Crown copyright.
12.18 Literary, dramatic, musical or artistic
work made by or under the direction of either House is subject
to parliamentary copyright for 50 years from the end of the year
in which it was made. Such work includes works made by an employee
of either House in the course of his duties, and any sound recording,
film, live broadcast or live cable programme of the proceedings
of either House. The ownership of such copyright belongs to the
House under whose direction or control the work was made (or,
as appropriate, both Houses).
12.19 The functions of the House of Lords as
owner of copyright are exercised by the Clerk of the Parliaments
on behalf of the House, and legal proceedings relating to copyright
are brought by or against the House of Lords in the name of the
Clerk of the Parliaments. Parliamentary copyright is administered
on behalf of both Houses by Her Majesty's Stationery Office.