Economic Affairs Committee
Brexit and the Labour Market

1st Report of Session 2017-19 - published 21 July 2017 - HL Paper 11



Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Migration statistics

Figure 1: Long-term trends: net migration, immigration and emigration 1991 to 2016 (thousands)

Measuring migration

Table 1: Sources of immigration data

The International Passenger Survey

The Labour Force Survey

National Insurance numbers

Gaps in the available information

Box 1: Measuring student migration

IPPR analysis: approximate number of non-EU students arriving in 2011 remaining in the UK after five years according to data sources

Improving immigration data

Better use of administrative data

Entry and exit checks

Chapter 3: Adapting the UK labour market

Net migration from the European Union since 2010

Table 2: Annual net migration to the UK, 2010 to year end September 2016

Figure 2: EU net migration by origin, year end March 2013 to year end December 2016

EU nationals working in the UK

Table 3: People in work in the UK by nationality (overall number and percentage of the total), 2010 to 2016

Table 4: Number of EU nationals aged 16 years and over in employment in the UK by type of industry, July 2015 to June 2016

Table 5: Estimates of EU nationals working in particular sectors given in evidence to the Committee

Box 2: Pret a Manger, a case study

Present status of EU nationals

Reliance on EU nationals in lower-skilled sectors

Table 6: Percentage of UK nationals, EU nationals and non-EU nationals in employment in the UK by skill level, October 2015 to September 2016

Reliance on EU workers in higher-skilled roles

Box 3: Manufacturing, a case study

Table 7: Percentage of EU and non-EU academics in STEM subjects at Russell Group universities

Responding to lower European immigration

Increasing pay

Box 4: Seasonal workers in the agricultural industry: a case study

Improving skills

Changing business models

Implementation period

Regional system of immigration

Chapter 4: The future of the net migration target

The net migration target

Who is included in the target

Economic and policy consequences

Ways to improve the target

Remove students from the net migration figures.

Monitor the number of migrants resident in the UK

Breakdown target by sector

Ensure that the target is flexible

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declaration of interests

Appendix 2: List of Witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Current migration system

Appendix 5: Migration by local authority area

Appendix 6: Minutes of Proceedings on the Report

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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