European Union Committee
Brexit: refugee protection and asylum policy

48th Report of Session 2017-19 - published 11 October 2019 - HL Paper 428



Chapter 1: Introduction


This inquiry

Evidence from the Government

Chapter 2: Refugee protection: international, EU and UK policy

International refugee protection

The UN Refugee Convention and Protocol

Other international instruments

The Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

Establishing a common European asylum policy

Table 1: UK participation in CEAS: phase two

Table 2: Other EU asylum and migration measures

Criticisms of the CEAS

Table 3: Time limits for Dublin transfers

Figure 1: Proposed reforms to the EU’s asylum system

Routes to asylum in the UK


Refugee resettlement programmes

Box 1: UK refugee resettlement programmes

Other routes

Box 2: The ‘Dubs scheme’

How many asylum seekers are in the UK?

Figure 2: Asylum applications lodged in Dublin States, by receiving country and year 2017–18

Figure 3: Refugee numbers in the UK compared to top refugee-hosting countries in 2018

Figure 4: Asylum applications in the UK


Chapter 3: Brexit implications


Leaving the CEAS

Dublin and Eurodac

Table 4: Dublin transfers to and from the UK 2008–2018

Standards and procedures

Other measures

Box 3: Examples of UK activities funded by the AMIF

‘No deal’

Bilateral cooperation

Juxtaposed border controls

Box 4: Juxtaposed controls

The Sandhurst Treaty

Brexit implications


Leaving the CEAS

Bilateral cooperation

Chapter 4: Future UK-EU asylum cooperation

A new UK-EU strategic relationship?

The framework for future cooperation

Box 5: Norway’s position in the CEAS

Priorities for future cooperation

Box 6: Section 17 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018

Key factors

Bilateral cooperation

An alternative to UK-EU cooperation?

The Government’s view


UK-EU cooperation

Bilateral cooperation

Chapter 5: Future UK asylum policy

Criticisms of the UK asylum system

Family reunion

Unaccompanied children

General criticisms


Improving the UK’s asylum system

Family reunion

SOGI asylum claimants

Administrative improvements


External aspects

The Norwegian asylum system

The Government’s view


Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Call for evidence

Appendix 4: Visit to Norway

Appendix 5: Defining the term ‘refugee’

Appendix 6: Glossary

Appendix 7: Letter from the Security Minister to Lord Jay of Ewelme, 10 September 2019

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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