European Union Committee
Brexit: plant and animal biosecurity

21st Report of Session 2017-19 - published 24 October 2018 - HL Paper 191



Chapter 1: Introduction

What is biosecurity?

Why is biosecurity important?

How is biosecurity currently managed in the UK?

About this inquiry

Chapter 2: Legislation

Food law

Invasive non-native species law

Box 1: EU Regulation 1143/2014 on Invasive Alien Species (IAS)

Plant health law

Box 2: Regulation (EU) 2016/2031 on protective measures against pests of plants

Animal health law

Box 3: Regulation (EU) 2016/429 on transmissible animal diseases


Chapter 3: UK-EU cooperation

Why cooperation is important

Shared intelligence

Disease notification systems



Box 5: Trade Control and Expert System (TRACES)

The Working Party of Chief Veterinary Officers

Risk assessment and risk management

Research collaboration

EU Reference Laboratories

Box 6: Reference Laboratories


Box 7: LIFE Programme

Chapter 4: Trade and inspections

Tracing movements

Tracing plants

Box 8: Plant passports and phytosanitary certificates

Tracing animals

Import inspections

Minimising the need for inspections

New risks

Audits outside the UK

Chapter 5: Staff

EU Veterinarians

Public sector capacity

Biosecurity specialists

Border inspections


Chapter 6: A pan-UK framework

Current differences in approach

A UK framework

Action so far

Island of Ireland

Chapter 7: Improving the UK’s biosecurity

Problems with current biosecurity arrangements

Possible improvements

Taking action faster

Taking UK-specific action

Additional restrictions

Alternative approaches

Australia and New Zealand

Summary of conclusions and recommendations

Appendix 1: List of Members and declarations of interest

Appendix 2: List of witnesses

Appendix 3: Glossary

Evidence is published online at and available for inspection at the Parliamentary Archives (020 7219 3074).

Q in footnotes refers to a question in oral evidence.

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